Adilabad was formerly called Edulapuram. The district derived its name as Adilabad, named after Ali Adil Shah the Ruler of Bijapur that was its head quarters. Adilabad district is situated between 77. 46 and 80 of the eastern longitudes and 18.40 and 19.56 of northern latitudes .It is surrounded by Yeotmal and Chandrapur district of Maharashtra towards north, Chandrapur in the East, by Karimnagar and Nizamabad in the South and by Nanded district in the west.
The district was reigned by various dynasties - viz. Mauryas, Satvahanas Vakatakas, Chalukyas of Badami, Rashrakutas, Chalukyas of Kalyani, Yadvas of Devagiri, Kakatiyas, Bahamanis, Imad - Shahis of Berar, Nizam - Shahis of Ahmednagar , Mughals, Bhonsle Rajas of Nagpur and Asaf - Jahis besides the Gond Rajas of Sirpur and Chanda (Chandrapur). The history of Adilabad district is connected with the hoary past of the Gondvana and Berar regions (now Vidarbha).
The boundries of Gondvana were the River Godavari in the South, and in the North the Central India up to the river Chambal, the Maharashtra State in the West and Agency areas in the East. Berar was probably extended over the Taluqs of Boath, Utnoor, Adilabad, Kinwat and Rajura. In the modern times, major portions of Berar and Gondavana, gradually merged into Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh states, while lower part came into erstwhile State of Hyderabad which consisted of parts of Karnataka, Marathawada and Telengana. Though no direct evidence relating to history of periods of Mauryas, Sathvahanas and their successors Vatakas, Chalukyas, Rastrakutas is available, the region appears to have been under the sway of Bhoja Kings whom the epics and Kautilyas Arthashastra locate in the Deccan.