It is believed that during the era of Ramayana, Lord Rama resided in the Chitrakoot region, one of which is on the outskirts of the district of Satna while the other half falls in Uttar Pradesh. Satna was also a part of the Baghelkhand division, a major part of which was ruled by the Rewa and the rest was ruled by several feudal lords.
According to the Mahabharata, the region was ruled by the Haihaya, Chedi or Kalchuri clans. Remains of a Buddhist stupa belonging to the 2nd century have been found at Bharhut by Alexander Cunningham, a great archaeologist. The leaders of the Rewa clan, descending from the Baghel Rajputs, who descended from the Solanki clan, ruled the area of Baghelkhand.
The Bandhogarh Fort that ruler Karandeo received as dowry for marrying the princess of Mandla served as the capital of Baghelkhand until Emperor Akbar destroyed it in 1597. During the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857, Maharaja Raghuraj Singh aided the British to suppress uprisings in Mandla and Jabalpur districts and also the Nagod district.
The district is now a part of the Satna district for which he was awarded 11 villages. After the independence of India, Satna became a part of the state of Madhya Pradesh.